Supplementary Retirement Scheme (a.k.a. SRS) is not strange to most Singaporeans. It is a deferred tax scheme which helps you save for the future while reducing your tax expenses now.
If you are mid to high-income earners, SRS is a great way to save tax in addition to CPF top-up tax relief. For example, if your tax bracket is 15% and you contribute $10,000 to SRS, your personal tax is reduced by $1,500.
The problem is that many people are overjoyed with the tax savings and they stop there. Do you know SRS interest rate is only 0.05% for funds idling in the account? Your one-time tax savings will be eroded over the years by inflation.
How can you enhance the return of your SRS funds? What instruments can you invest using SRS? In this article, I will explain to you what SRS investment products and options are there.
At a Glance
SRS was introduced in 2001, it complements the CPF Retirement Sum scheme to help people working in Singapore build up their nest eggs and obtain some tax relief at the same time. You can read my article “All you need to know about SRS” for more details about the scheme.
Currently, the maximum yearly contribution to SRS is
- $15,300 for Singaporean and PR
- $35,700 for foreigners
To enjoy the tax savings, you need to open an SRS account with one of the local banks, i.e. DBS, UOB and OCBC.
You Don’t Have to Buy What the Bank Sells
Recently, one of my clients opened an SRS investment account at a local bank. Somehow the relationship manager gave him the impression that he must use his SRS to buy one of the unit trusts from the bank to enjoy the tax savings, and he ends up paying a hefty sales charge for that!
The truth is that you don’t have to. There is a wide range of options that you can choose from. I will talk about it later.
Should You Invest Your SRS Funds?
Contributing SRS and leave it uninvested is like buying a new car and leave it in the car park. You get a one-time delight of owning a shiny gadget, but the car is worth less every day.
Unfortunately, many people are not aware of how they can enhance the return of their SRS funds. According to the Straits Times, 32% of $5.97 billion SRS funds are lying idle as cash. That is more than $1.9 billion of Singaporeans retirement funds.
Why you should invest your SRS money?
Potential higher returns: if you leave your SRS money with a 0.05% deposit return, you are not taking care of your own retirement. Even if you leave it to a time deposit or an insurance policy, you earn multiple times higher returns. Besides, you can invest in funds, ETFs, shares, and REITs. Since you have a long investment time horizon, it is not difficult to earn a reasonable return.
Non-taxable investment gains: Any gains realized on your investments are not subject to income tax before the withdrawal. Singaporeans sometimes take this for granted. But for many foreigners, this is dream come true.
Ability to withdraw SRS in the form of investment: If you have accumulated a sizeable investment portfolio, you may not want to sell them when you retire. The good news is that, from July 2015, SRS members can withdraw an SRS investment by transferring the investment out of their SRS accounts, without having to liquidate them.
What Can You Invest Using Your SRS Funds?
You can’t use SRS to buy a property. But there is a wide range of financial products approved under the SRS scheme, including:
- Fixed Deposits
- Single-Premium Retirement Plans
- Short Term Endowment Plans
- Unit Trusts
- Index funds and ETFs
- Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs)
I will go deeper into this.
If You Are a Conservative Investor
Investing can be intimating to first-time investors. But you don’t have to jump to the wagon straight away.
If you are extremely conservative, you have the option to invest in Singapore Government Securities (SGS), and the government has allowed Singaporeans to use funds from their SRS account to buy Singapore Savings Bonds (SSB) with effect from December 2018.
But I must caution you that the retail bond investment market in Singapore is still immature.
- The return is very low because the Singapore government enjoys an AAA credit rating
- The liquidity is very poor, so it is hard for you to sell the bond in the future
- The application process may not be smooth as the bank doesn’t earn from marketing the government bond to you
My suggestion is that you should consider Retirement Income Insurance or Annuity plans
Single-Premium Retirement Income Insurance (Limited Period Payout)
Retirement income insurance is a kind of Retirement Plans that pay you Guaranteed Income when you retire. It goes hand-in-hand with the SRS structure. Click here to read my earlier article about how Retirement Income Plan works.
The target return of an insurance product is around 3% to 4% per year.
Currently, there are a list of retirement plans which you can use SRS to buy
- AIA Retirement Saver
- Aviva MyIncomePlus
- AXA Retire Happy Plus
- Manulife RetireReady Plus
- NTUC RevoRetire
- NTUC SAIL
- Tokio Marine Retirement Secure
The other advantage of an insurance plan is that such plans are protected under the Policy Owner Protection scheme. If the insurer goes bust, up to $100,000 guaranteed benefits are protected.
The Ministry of Finance has set some conditions for an insurance plan to be eligible for SRS:
- Only single premium products are allowed (including recurrent single premium products, encompassing both annuity and non-annuity plans)
- Life cover (including total and permanent disability benefits) will be capped at 3 times the single premium
- Plans can allow for a contribution continuation feature/benefit upon disability.
- Other types of life insurance e.g. critical illness, health, and long-term care are excluded
- Trust nomination is not allowed for life insurance products purchased using SRS funds.
If you have more questions about these plans, leave your comment below and I will answer them.
Single-Premium Annuity (Lifetime Payout)
If you want to receive a lifetime payout instead of a defined payout period, you can consider annuity plans. The annuity options in Singapore are very limited. There are only a few plans available now.
Short Term Endowment Plans
Short-term endowment plans are popular in recent years given the prolonged low-interest-rate environment. A short term endowment plan is normally a 3 years savings plan with a guaranteed interest on maturity. Some popular plans are
Tax Consideration When Using SRS to Buy Insurance
You should not forget SRS is not a tax exemption scheme, but a tax deferment scheme. It means when you receive your insurance payout when you retire, you could be subject to income tax.
The insurance need not mature at the prescribed retirement age. But if you purchase a life annuity, you will be taxed on 50% of the total annuity payouts each year, for as long as the annuity payouts are received.
Currently, you have up to 10 years to withdraw your SRS after statutory retirement age or the date of the first withdrawal. You should also take note that you are not allowed to surrender an annuity policy after the SRS account has been closed or deemed closed.
If your SRS account is still open, your monthly annuity payouts must be returned to the SRS account before you withdraw them. If your SRS account is closed, your monthly annuity payouts may be paid into your bank account directly.
If You Want a Higher Return
There are a few limitations if you use SRS to buy insurance
- You must purchase a single premium product. It means you need a big capital outlay to have a reasonable payout
- You have no flexibility to change the payout structure once it is set
- Your rate of return is not as attractive
Typically, the insurance option is more suitable for a person who is approaching retirement age and has a substantial amount in their SRS. If you are just starting to contribute SRS, you should consider investing.
SRS investment is a big topic which I will just touch briefly in this article. Feel free to leave your questions below and I will talk about them in more detail in the future.
Unit Trusts for SRS
If you just open your SRS account, the bank relationship manager will show you a few “approved” funds. What they show you are just the funds distributed by the bank.
In fact, there are more than 600 SRS approved funds in Singapore. Many people have a misunderstanding about unit trust. I recommend you to read my earlier article “how to dig below the sales pitch and choose the right unit trust”.
As a start, you need to know what funds are available. Here is how you can check them out.
- Go to fundsupermart fund selector
- Select “SRS available” under CPF/SRS?
- Click “Generate Funds Table”
You will get the whole list of SRS eligible funds.
Index Funds and ETFs for SRS
If you want to adopt a passive investment strategy, you can use index funds or ETF. Here are some of the popular options:
|Underlying Markets||Index Funds or ETFs|
|Global Stocks||Lion Global Infinity Global Stock Index Fund|
|America Stocks||Lion Global Infinity U.S. 500 Stock Index Fund|
|European Stocks||Lion Global Infinity European Stock Index Fund|
|Singapore Stocks||SPDR Straits Times Index ETF|
|Singapore REITs||Lion-Phillip S-REIT|
|Singapore Bonds||ABF Singapore Bond Index Fund|
|Gold||SPDR Gold Shares|
|China Tech Stocks||Lion-OCBC Hang Seng Tech ETF|
Some smart beta funds provided by Dimensional Fund Advisors are also approved under the SRS scheme, but you have to go through a Dimensional trained adviser.
You can contact me using the form below if you want to understand more about Dimensional funds.
Stocks and REITs for SRS
You can also choose to invest in stocks using your SRS funds.
To do so, you need to contact your stockbroker to update your SRS Investment bank account details. After the linkage has been established, you will need to select the option “SRS” under “trade type” to conduct an SRS stocks trade. Please note “Contra” is not available for SRS trades.
You can use SRS to buy most of the individual stocks and real estate investment trusts listed in SGX, but I discourage you to do so. Why?
Individual stocks and REITs are subject to corporate actions, and it can get quite complicated when you are not investing with cash.
For example, if a company issue rights, you need to top up to prevent your shares from being diluted, but you may not have enough SRS balance or you may not be able to top up if you have maximized the yearly limit of SRS contribution.
Nevertheless, if you really want to invest in shares, there are some options available.
- OCBC Blue Chip Investment Plan
- POSB Invest-Saver
- Phillip Share Builders Plan
- Maybank Monthly Investment Plan
Some brokers will handle the corporate actions (though not in a perfect way) for you, you need to check the terms of each investment account. Also, bear in the mind the brokerage fee is not attractive for small investment accounts.
My opinion? Most retail investors are better off investing in funds and ETFs using an SRS account.
Tax Considerations When Using SRS to Invest
Earlier on, I highlighted the tax issues of using SRS to purchase insurance. If you use SRS to invest, all proceeds from the sale of your SRS investments will be returned to my SRS account. The tax will be imposed on the amount subsequently withdrawn from the SRS account. The amount in the SRS account will be deemed to be withdrawn immediately after the end of the 10-year withdrawal period, and 50% of the balance will be subjected to tax.
How about dividends?
Generally, shares and unit trust in Singapore adopts a one-tier exemption system. It means dividend distributions from unit trusts and shares purchased with SRS funds and deposited into the SRS account are not taxed.
How to Get Started with SRS Investment
We have covered a lot today. It may sound hard for you to grasp all these options. But one thing is for sure, you should not leave your SRS account idling.
As a licensed independent financial adviser, I helped my clients evaluate and review their SRS investment options and recommend investment portfolios that suit their needs. I manage a proprietary Global Momentum Compass Portfolio which uses SRS eligible investment instruments and delivers consistent returns.
The advantage of taking the advice from an independent financial adviser is that your options are not limited to what the bank sells and you can plan your retirement in a holistic way.
If you want to find out more, you can contact me using the form below for a non-obligatory discovery meeting to learn how to enhance your SRS returns.
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