LIBOR stands for London Interbank Offered Rate, an interest rate at which banks can borrow funds, in marketable size, from other banks in the London interbank market.
The LIBOR is fixed on a daily basis by the British Bankers’ Association, and is quoted for 30-day, 60-day, 90-day, 180-day, or 360-day (1-year) terms. The LIBOR is derived from a filtered average of the world’s most creditworthy banks’ interbank deposit rates for larger loans with maturities between overnight and one full year.
The LIBOR is the world’s most widely used benchmark for short-term interest rates. It’s important because it is the rate at which the world’s most preferred borrowers are able to borrow money. It is also the rate upon which rates for less preferred borrowers are based. For example, a multinational corporation with a very good credit rating may be able to borrow money for one year at LIBOR plus 4 or 5 points.
Countries that rely on the LIBOR for a reference rate include the United States, Canada, Switzerland and England.
In Singapore, a similiar term Singapore Inter-Bank Offered Rate (Sibor) is more commonly used.
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